IMPROVING WRITING RECOUNT TEXT BY USING PHOTOGRAPHS:
A CASE STUDY OF THE ELEVENTH YEAR STUDENTS OF SMA
NEGERI 1 BATANGAN PATI IN THE ACADEMIC
YEAR OF 2009/2010
A. Background of the Study
English is an international language. It is used all over the world. For that reason, it is important for people to master English orally and in writing, in order to be able to communicate and socialize with the world community.
English is the first foreign language taught at every school in Indonesia. The Indonesian government chooses English as the first foreign language to be taught in schools and as a major subject for the students from elementary school to university students, they realize how
important English in their life, so the intend to master it, in such as wayn that they can use that language to communicate with other people in the world. Students must master four language skills, listening, speaking, reading and writing. Based on the concept and function, English has the purpose to develop those four skills and also the language components: vocabulary, structure and pronunciation (in speech) or spelling (in writing) which supports students mastering well. In mastering English, students find problems dealing with language skills and language components as mentioned above. Most students in Indonesia consider English as a difficult subject which makes them frustrated. Many of them failed to graduate from SMP / SMA only because of their mark of English of national final examination doesn’t fulfill the requirement in at the passing grade score. That is why the Indonesian government makes efforts to find the solution of those problems. For example they change the curriculum and introducing new approaches of teaching to English teacher. They also have to consider some factors such as quality of the teacher, student interest, motivation, teaching techniques that play important roles to achieve the objective at school learning. The writer is focusing her research on writing because writing is one of the four language skills that play a very important role in second language learning. Writing skill is more complex and difficult to teach, requiring the mastery not only the grammatical and theoretically devices but also the conceptual and judgment. One of the visual aids that can be used in learning writing is
photograph. The study is aimed at improving the writing ability of the Eleventh year students of SMA N 1 Batangan Pati by using photographs, especially in writing recount text. The strategy is selected since it can guide the students to generate idea into a meaningful composition. Photographs usually capture past events and photographs surely can help students remember details about people, places and events. In short, they can be powerful sources of text. Besides, a photograph is worth a thousand words because one picture can tell the students something even has sequences to study behind it. Based on the usefulness of the photographs, the writer chooses photographs as media or technique to improve writing recount text. It means that there is a significant relationship between writing recount text and using photograph, because recount text is one of the story genres. The purpose is to reconstruct past experiences by retelling events and incidents in the order in which they have occurred. Based on the statements above it can be assumed that the use of photographs to teach writing recount text to the students of the eleventh year of SMA N 1 Batangan Pati in the academic year 2009/2010 is effective.
B. Reasons for Choosing the Topic
There are some reasons why the writer chooses the topic as the title of the research. The reasons for choosing the topic are as follows:
1. Writing is a very important component in English language because it plays an important role in a human communication.
2. Photograph is one of the visual aids that can improve writing recount text because photograph usually capture past events and photograph surely can help students remember details about people, places an events.
3. The students commonly get bored in writing activity as they must spend many times to write their ideas into writing product so the writer finds innovation with using photograph as media to writing recount text.
C. Limitation of the Study
This research is focusing on the ability in writing recount text of the eleventh year students of SMA N 1 Batangan Pati, in this research, the writer take some students of eleventh year student as respondent of the research. The experiment method is to know the ability in writing nrecount text of the eleventh year students.
D. Statements of the Problems
Based on the background of the study and the reason for choosing the topic, the study tries to answer this problem:
1. To what extent is the students` ability in writing recount text taught without using photographs?
2. To what extent is the students` ability in writing recount text taught with using photographs?
3. Is there any significant difference between the students` ability in writing recount text taught with and without using photographs?
E. Objectives of the Study :
1. To find out the students` ability in writing recount text who were taught without using photographs.
2. To find out the students` ability in writing recount text who were taught with using photographs.
3. To find out the significant difference between the student’s ability in writing recount text taught with and without using photographs.
F. Significances of the Study
1. The reader
It will be useful for the reader to know the importance of photographs to improve their writing skills.
2. The students
The students can improve their ability in writing skill by using photograph.
3. The teacher
They can improve their teaching of writing through photographs.
4. The writer
This study will be one of her experiences in writing English while she is studying in the English Department.
G. Definition of the Key Terms
This study is in an experimental research with the title of Improving Writing Recount Text by Using Photographs. It was carried out for the eleventh year students of SMA N 1 Batangan Pati in the academic year 2009/2010.
The followings are the key terms used in the research:
Improving is making better ( Hornby, 1987:427 )
Writing is an activity of writing, written or printed words (Oxford Learner’s Pocket Dictionary, 1995: 480).
3. Recount text
Recount text is one of story genre, the purpose in to reconstruct past experienced by retelling events and incidents of the order in which they have occurred.
The way in which something is or can be used (Oxford Learner’s Pocket Dictionary, 1995: 480).
A picture of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide, recorded by a camera on light sensitive material, usually capture past events and a help students remember detail about people, place and events.
H. Outline of the Study
In order to make a clear arrangement of the study this thesis is dividing into chapters as explained in the following statement:
The first chapter is introduction. It consists of background of the study, reasons for choosing the topic, limitation of the study, statements of the problem, objectives of the study, significances of the study, definition of the key terms.
The second chapter is review of related literature. It consists of previous study, using photographs in teaching learning recount text, definition of writing, requirement of a good writing, kinds of genre, recount text, hypothesis. The third chapter is methodology of the research. It consists of design of the research, variables of research, subjects of the research, instrument of the research, techniques of collecting data and techniques of analyzing the data.
The fourth chapter is the research result and discussion. It consists of teaching writing recount text by using photographs, teaching writing recount text without using photographs, significant between the students` ability in writing recount text who were taught by using photographs and without using photographs, the student ability taught by using photographs,
student ability taught by without using photographs, significant difference between students` ability in writing recount text who were taught by using photographs and without using photographs. The fifth chapter, the writer presents conclusion and discussion.
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