KUMPULAN PROPOSAL SKRIPSI BAHASA INGGRIS AN ERROR ANALYSIS OF AUXILIARY VERBS MADE BY THE 2006/2007 NINTH GRADE STUDENTS OF MADRASAH TSANAWIYAH AL-ULUM MEDAN
1.1 Background of the Study
Language is one of the most important things in human being, because it plays a great role in human life for making interaction. By using language people can communicate with others, express their feeling and get information. English is one of the International Languages, it has its own structures as the other languages. Besides that, every language has its own rules, therefore, one language has different grammar with others.
By knowing English grammar, it will help people to speak English very well, since there will be many difficulties faced by people who want to communicate in English because of not able to use grammar well. For instance, in using Pronouns.
Pronoun is one of parts of speech (Frank, 1979:1). According to Murray (1808:86) a pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun or a word that is used instead of a noun. Furthermore, Tom Stoppard (1993:23) states that a pronoun is a word used to refer to (and instead of) a noun or noun phrase that has already been mentioned or is known, especially in order to avoid repetition. Then, Houghton (1996:251) states that a pronoun is any of a small class of words used as replacements or substitutes for noun phrases, referring to people or things mentioned in or understood from the context and having very general reference, as I, you, he, she, them, this, who, and what. Next, Alexa Margen (2010) states that a pronoun is as part of speech that substitutes for nouns or noun phrases and designates people or things asked for, previously specified, or understood from the context.
According to Sheirer (1989:340) pronoun has an important role in English because it is one of parts of speech that has a very great influence in mastering English. Furthermore, Mitchell (1992) and Zuber and Reid (1993) (Access from the internet on 2nd April 2011) state that a pronoun is a very important thing in mastering English because it is a word used to refer to (and instead of) a noun or noun phrase that has been mentioned or known, especially in order to avoid repetition so it can make our English language skill to be better. Besides that, according to Casey (1997:231) a pronoun has an important role in writing the articles, because Cases of pronouns are simple and are easy to be understood. Pronoun is used in order to avoid the repetition the words in the articles, because the repetition will make the sentences to be confused or any grammatical errors in your article’s writing.
English dominates the exchange of news around the world, such as news article in a newspaper, for instance, Jakarta Post. This newspaper uses English as the medium of communication. Moreover, its articles there are many kinds of pronouns used such as Personal Pronouns, Possessive Pronouns, Demonstrative Pronouns, Interrogative Pronouns, Relative Pronouns, Indefinite Pronouns, Reflexive Pronouns, and Reciprocal Pronoun.
Based on the previous explanation, I will analyze the use of pronouns in the articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper because it is very important to influence our skill in English language to communicate if it must be mastered well. Besides, I want to know how often the pronouns are used in those articles.
1.2 Problem of the Study
1. What kinds of pronouns are used in the articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper?
2. What is the function of pronoun used in the articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper?
3. What is the dominant pronoun used in the articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper ?
1. 3 Purpose of the Study
The purposes of the study are:
1. To find out and classify the kinds of pronouns used in the articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper
2. To describe the function of pronouns used in the articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper.
3. To find out the most dominant pronoun used in the articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper.
1.4 Scope of the Study
The study is focused on the kinds and function of the pronouns in the articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper. Pronoun will be explained in more details. There are many things in English to be discussed. But in order to make the readers not be confused, I just limit the study on the kinds and function of pronouns found in the articles of Jakarta Post Newspaper.
1.5 Significance of the study
I expect that:
1. The reader will be easier to understand and avoid getting confused of using pronouns.
2. This paper can help the reader in using pronouns in English and use them in daily conversation.
3. This paper can enrich the readers’ knowledge about grammar, especially pronouns in English.
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